The arrival of the railroad converted train stations in the new cathedrals of modernity: large buildings coming to look consecrated temples.Progress brought new materials such as iron, allowing new and monumental architectural solutions that filled the S XIX beautiful European stations. Since then, though perhaps no longer so intense, the stations remain large projects that are part of the most visible face of cities.
Considered the most beautiful season of Belgium, the large terminal in Antwerp is a perfect example of the large and luxurious European stations late nineteenth century, early twentieth century, in fact was built between 1895 and 1905. The entrance building stone and with a large dome over the waiting room was designed by Luis Delacenserie.
The station Canfranc, Huesca – Spain
It is the architectural top of a communication project that marked a milestone in the early twentieth century in the field of engineering and transport.
It was inaugurated on July 18, 1928. It is an elongated building plant and symmetrical structure, articulated in five bodies, with the central and the advanced and higher side.
Outwardly follow models of French palace architecture of the nineteenth century. It presents a classical treatment of the walls, with a varied combination of materials: concrete, stone, iron and glass, which gives rise to an interesting play of colors accentuated by the presence of slate roofs.
Amsterdam Central Station is one of the most famous buildings in the Dutch capital and is not surprising since it is a spectacular work.
The architect was Pierre Cuypers, who also built no less impressive Rijksmuseum in the same city. In the picture, a detail of the facade.
Atocha station, Madrid
Atocha is a common lists most beautiful stations in the world, and no wonder: the mixture of red and white bricks and iron is particularly harmonious and construction is certainly spectacular, even today, with their ship centers.
The width between supports of the dome is larger than most European stations away.
Baden, Germany – Baden railway station
The old railway station in neoclassical style with Baroque elements represents the entrance to the Festspielhaus, a modern construction.
Berlin Central Station has been one of the last major developments needed after the reunification of the two independent cities that were East and West Berlin. It opened in 2006 just for the celebration of the World Cup but the project had started much earlier, in 1995. The plan was to work d ela architectural firm Gerkan, Marg and Partners
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai
Chhatrapati Shivaji Station is considered a World Heritage Site, which gives us a first idea of its architectural significance. The building was built between 1878 and 1888 under the orders of the architect Frederick William Stevens who created a successful blend of Victorian Gothic Revival in vogue in Britain at that time in this case with a clear inspiration italiana-, but with an obvious influence Indian palatial and the work of thousands of Indian artisans who left a clear footprint architecture.
North Station Valencia
Built in the early twentieth century ‘was inaugurated in 1917 is a terminal that is striking both for its size and its modernist style. The architect was Demetrio Ribes, who had already participated in the Principe Pio station in Madrid while spectacular -of cover almost 25 meters high and 45 light- was the work of Enrique Grasset.
Gare de Lyon, Paris
One of the many train stations that have reached the capital of France -and is not the only one of the list- the Gare de Lyon is the busiest railway terminals across the country and is known especially for its feature clock tower.
Gare du Nord, Paris
Completed in 1865, it is one of the first major European stations. The building was the work of Jacques Hittorff who used the cast iron structure of many of these buildings covered later by a neoclassical facade with air
Grand Central Terminal, New York
The best-known New York station is a work of early twentieth S, whose design was the work of two great firms of architects of the time. When it was launched in 1913 it was the world’s largest station by both size and number of tracks, nothing more and nothing less than 36.
Haydarpasa Terminal, Istanbul
Haydarpasa has some of the typical work of an empire to “modernize” the country: it was built in 1871 to Istanbul had its first train line, however although there were trains the first line of regular passengers did not arrive until 1890. The station which takes several years of work, it is a beautiful building but particularly remarkable for its location right on the shore of the Bosphorus.
Kanazawa, Japan Station
Inaugurated in 2005, the Kanazawa station a city of less than half a million people in central Japan, known for its modern architecture but also includes elements and traditional materials such as wood.
Kazan, Moscow Station
Kazansky was the door from Moscow to Kazan city-and other eastern regions of Russia and the tower of its facade refers to the typical of that city. Its construction began in the early twentieth century but was not completed until almost World War II.
Kuala Lumpur station
Built in the early century in a style seemingly impossible but that could unite Muslim influences, mogolas, Hindus … in a surprisingly harmonious way at that time was quite common and Indonesia, India and other colonies. The station is not so important as part of their traffic it has been diverted to other terminals but the building remains one of the attractions of the city.
It is very common to attribute the train station in the capital of Mozambique to Eiffel, but the truth is that it is a building of Portuguese architects Alfredo Augusto Lisboa de Lima, Mario Veiga and Ferreira da Costa. It is a grand and luxurious building, with marble columns and a style beaux arts which then also had success in Portugal, as you can see in Sao Bento Station in Porto.
Milano Centrale, Milan
Central Station Milan is a special case since it was delaying the project which served to make it great: almost paralyzed during the First World War, the arrival of Mussolini to power made be extended and was much more spectacular than the project initial architect Ulisse Stacchini
With the independence movement in Finland at the beginning of S XX-the country failed to definitively separate from Russia until 1917- a very interesting architectural style was prevailing in the country and was the one who was chosen for the Flament Helsinki railway station, according a draft Eliel Saarinen. The design was completed in 1909, but construction continued until beyond independence: it was inaugurated in 1919
Rotterdam Centraal Station
If there is a European city that accommodate the most modern architecture that has been and Rotterdam, a decision made after the devastation of World War II but has made the city is in continuous renewal. One of the latest examples is the spectacular train station, inaugurated in 2014 and work team created ad hoc by several major companies architects.
Saint Pancras, London
Saint Pancras is one of the great London buildings built in the nineteenth century in the Gothic Revival style that was so popular in Britain and which was also built at the same time the Palace of Westminster is the seat of Parliament. The station is due to the design of William Henry Barlow and, at least visually, on the façade the clock tower.
Sao Bento station Oporto
Construction began in 1900 according to a design Marques da Silva in the beaux arts style that was in vogue at the time, especially in France.
The construction lasted until 1916, year in which was inaugurated.
Sirkeci, Istanbul Station
Inaugurated in 1890, it was Sirkeci Istanbul railway gate to Europe and was also the end of the journey of the legendary Orient Express. The project was the work of a German architect August Jasmund, who had traveled to Istanbul to meet Ottoman architecture and eventually became a professor at the Ecole Polytechnique in Istanbul.
Southern Cross Station, Melbourne
The Southern Cross Station Melbourne was renovated between 2002 and 2006 with a spectacular project Grimshaw Architects providing for a corrugated roof that has made it famous throughout the world and earned him win the prestigious Lubetkin Prize awarded by the Royal Institute of British Architects .
Union Station, Chicago
Union Station is the only major station Chicago and is the third most passengers of United States-the first outside New York. Ten years were needed for a construction in which many problems occurred and in which World War I also led to delays. The author of the project, Daniel Burnham, did not see it finished.
Union Station, Los Angeles
The Los Angeles is another major, later American stations than most since it opened on the eve of World War II, and in 1939. The main building at the John and Donald Parkinson architects, who were father should e son and formed a Californian building with a style that mixes Spanish, neo-colonial and art deco influences.